List of abbreviations

List of abbreviations


AEG General Railways Act
AGV MOVE Mobility and Transport Services Association
AI Artificial Intelligence
AktG Stock Corporation Act
ARN Arriva Rail North
ATO Automatic train operation
AUD Australian dollar


bbl Barrel
BEV Federal Railway Fund
BGB German Civil Code
BGH German Federal Supreme Court
BilMoG German Accounting Law Modernization Act
BIM Building information modeling
BKartA Federal Cartel Office
BMAS Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs
BMF Federal Ministry of Finance
BMI Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community
BMU Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety
BMVI Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure
BMWi Federal Ministry of Economics and Energy
BNetzA Federal Network Agency
BSWAG Federal Rail Infrastructure Extension Act
Bus km Bus kilometers


CCO Chief Compliance Officer
CCWG Clean Cargo Working Group
CDO Chief Digital Officer
CEF Connecting Europe Facility
CER Community of European Railway and Infrastructure Companies
CHF Swiss francs
CO₂ Carbon dioxide
CO₂e CO₂ equivalent
COSO Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission
CSA Credit Support Agreements
CSO Chief Sustainability Officer
CSR Corporate Social Responsibility
CSR-RUG CSR Directive Implementation Act
CTA Contractual Trust Arrangement


DAC Digital Automatic Coupling
DB AG Deutsche Bahn AG
DB E&C Deutsche Bahn Engineering & Consulting GmbH
DB Finance Deutsche Bahn Finance GmbH 
DB Group Deutsche Bahn Group
DB I O Deutsche Bahn International Operations
DGCN German Global Compact Network
DKS Digital Customer Interface
DNK German Sustainability Code
DSD Digital Rail for Germany
DSMA Data protection management system
DSTW Digital interlocking

- E -

EBA Federal Railway Authority
EBIT Earnings before interest and taxes
EBITDA Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization
EC Eurocity
ECB European Central Bank
ECJ European Court of Justice
EDIP European Debt Issuance Program
ERegG Railway Regulation Act
ESG Environment, Social, Governance
ESTW Electronic interlocking
ETCS European Train Control System
EU European Union
EVG Railway and Transport Workers Union

- F -

FS Ferrovie dello Stato (Italian state-owned railway)
FTE Full-time employees

- G -

GBP British pound sterling
GDL German Train Drivers’ Union
GDP Gross domestic product
GDPR General Data Protection Regulation
GHG Greenhouse gas
GRI Global Reporting Initiative
GVFG Municipal Transport Financing Act
GWh Gigawatt hour

- H -

ha Hectare(s)
HR Human Resources

- I -

IC Intercity
ICE Intercity Express
ICS Internal control system
IFRS International Financial Reporting Standards
IRE Interregio-Express
ISO International Organization for Standardization
IT Information technology

- K -

KBV Group Employer/Works Council Agreement
KonTraG Corporate Sector Supervision and Transparency Act
kWh Kilowatt hour

- L -

LaTPS Noise-based train-path pricing system
LTI Long-term incentive
LTIF Lost time injury frequency
LuFV Performance and Financing Agreement

- M -

Square meters
MaaS Mobility as a Service
MaRisk Minimum requirements for risk management
MitbestG Co-Determination Act
MJ Megajoule
MRR Minimum required rate of return
MWh Megawatt hour

- N -

NABU Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Association (Naturschutzbund Deutschland e. V.)
NFR Group non-financial report
NOK Norwegian krone
NOx Nitrogen oxide emissions
NP Natural persons
NPM National Platform for the Future of Mobility
NS Nederlandse Spoorwegen N.V. (Dutch state-owned railway)

- P -

P Passengers
PCGK Federal Public Corporate Governance Code
Pkm Passenger kilometers
PKP Polskie Koleje Państwowe (Polish state-owned railway)
PPA Power Purchase Agreements
PwC PricewaterhouseCoopers

- R -

RB Regional railway
RE Regional Express
RegG Regionalization Act
RENFE Red Nacional de los Ferrocarriles Españoles (Spanish state-owned railway)
RESY Regional energy-saving system
RIC Rail infrastructure company
RMS Risk management system
ROCE Return on capital employed
RRX Rhine-Ruhr-Express

- S -

SBB Swiss Federal Railways
SBTi Science-Based Targets initiative
SDGs Sustainable development goals
SI Satisfaction index
SNCF Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Français (French state-owned railway)
SO₂ Sulfur dioxide emissions
S&P S&P Global Ratings

- T -

T Thousand
t Ton
TEN Trans-European Networks
TEU Twenty-foot equivalent unit
tkm Ton kilometers
TOC Train operating company
TPS Train-path pricing system
Train-path km Train-path kilometers
TSI Technical Specification for Interoperability

- U -

UIC International Union of Railways
UNGC United Nations Global Compact
USD US dollar

- V -

VAT Value-added tax
V brake shoes Composite brake shoes
VDB Association of the Railway Industry
VDE German unification transport projects

- W -

WACC Weighted average cost of capital
WiFi Wireless local area network

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