Air pollution that can have a detrimental effect on the environment. An airborne pollutant can be caused naturally or by people, for example NOx or SO₂.
Interest-bearing security which is used to borrow funds on the capital market. Helps mid- to long-term debt financing by companies
Bus kilometers (bus km)
The journey of a bus over a distance of 1 km.
How much of possible capacity is actually used.
In general, the Federal states that, as public transport authorities, order regional rail passenger transport services from transport companies.
Includes property, plant and equipment (including intangible assets) and the net current assets.
Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP)
An international organization which runs the global disclosure system for investors, companies, cities, countries and regions to measure and control their environmental impacts. It is now the world’s largest emissions register for business-related greenhouse gas emissions.
Gases that affect climate change, such as methane and nitrous oxide, which are converted to CO₂ based on their equivalent climate impact.
Commercial paper program (CP program)
Contractual framework or model documentation for the issue of commercial papers.
An important component of corporate governance. This is understood as compliance with laws and directives, as well as voluntary codes of conduct in the company.
Cost of capital
Based on market values as a weighted average of risk-adequate market returns for the minimum return requirement calculated for debt and equity capital.
Not only weather, but also a snapshot of climate factors (altitude, relief, vegetation, etc.) and climate elements (rain, sunlight, etc.) at a location.
Combined transport of containers or entire trucks on rail and road.
Service packages comprising multiple logistics activities. The service provider not only organizes transport orders, but also independently undertakes parts of the value-added chain.
Credit facilities granted by banks which can be utilized if necessary. These are firmly committed credit lines with different maturities, some of which serve as liquidity reserves that are available at all times, while umbrella credit lines are available to foreign subsidiaries in particular for working capital financing and as a guarantee line.
Satisfaction of customers and partners with a product/offer or a service, surveyed on a representative basis and evaluated on behalf of DB Group by independent market research institutes by telephone, in person or online.
Customer satisfaction index
Index generally rated on a grading scale of 1 (very satisfied) to 6 (very dissatisfied). These grades are converted and shown on a scale of 0 to 100: (0 points = grade 6; 20 points = grade 5; 40 points = grade 4; 60 points = grade 3; 80 points = grade 2; 100 points = grade 1).
DB traction current mix
Electrical traction current that DB Netze Energy uses to supply DB Group’s own rail transport companies in Germany.
Service for rail freight transport customers to have their goods transported without CO₂ emissions on all electrified lines within Germany and Austria.
Debt issuance program
Contractual framework or model documentation for the issuance of bonds. This guarantees a high degree of flexibility in issuing activity.
Derivative financial instruments (derivatives)
Financial instruments, the price or value of which depends on the future rates or prices of other goods, assets or reference values (interest rates, indices). These are contracts in which the contracting parties agree to buy, sell or swap assets at specified conditions in the future, or alternatively make value equalization payments.
Refers to variation within the workforce with regard to gender, background, nationality, age, religion, sexual orientation and levels of physical and mental ability. Diversity also encompasses employees’ variety of views, values, professional experiences and skills.
Measured as a weighted average of employer ranking in the main target groups, as determined by trendence – Europe’s leading research institute in employer branding, HR marketing and recruiting.
Existing rail network and therefore core of the infrastructure.
Evaluation of facilities quality
To ensure maintenance funds are used according to demand and to assess improvements stemming from implemented measures, the condition of structural and technical facilities undergo a periodic and event-driven evaluation.
Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)
Operating profit before interest and taxes.
Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA)
Operating profit before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization.
Key financial indicator based on the balance sheet structure: proportion of equity in the balance sheet total as a percentage.
Equity method/at-equity accounting
Procedures for conducting the accounting of subsidiaries, which are not included in the consolidated financial statements on the basis of full consolidation with all assets and liabilities. The book value of the subsidiary is adjusted by the development of the pro rata equity in the holding.
Bundesgesetz zur Förderung der Einspeisung von Strom aus erneuerbaren Energien.
Employee satisfaction index
As part of the Group-wide employee survey conducted every two years, the index is calculated using questions about motivation, employee satisfaction and (emotional) connection on a scale of 1 to 5 (top value).
Gears structure and functionality toward organic systems. With ecosystems, a portfolio is developed from in-house developments, affiliated companies and partnerships for a specific subject area. The portfolio is organizationally separate from the core business. A forward-looking digital cosystem is the smart and flexible nesting of individual independent business models.
Special offers for customers in passenger transport to travel CO₂-free.
The energy form for which an end consumer receives an invoice, for example for the quantity of fuel added or the traction current obtained.
Floating rate note (FRN)
Bond with a variable interest rate.
Gross capital expenditures
Overall capital expenditures in property, plant and equipment and intangible assets – regardless of the type of financing.
German Sustainability Code
Provides a framework for reporting nonfinancial performance which can be used by organizations and companies of any size and legal form.
Key financial indicator which, as a structural indicator, describes the ratio of net financial debt to equity as a percentage.
Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)
An international organization which is committed to the dissemination and improvement of sustainability reporting. The GRI standards are regarded as the most widely used and most internationally recognized reporting standard for sustainability.
Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol
A globally recognized standard for classifying and managing greenhouse gas emissions which is used by many companies, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and governments.
Amount of revenues remaining after deduction of the variable costs (= revenue-related) or direct costs (= contract-related).
Health rate (according to downtime)
Shows the proportion of lost labor that is not caused by illness in the overall performance (as a percentage and broken down by business units) and therefore only includes employees who are still paid a salary.
These are found in crude oil, natural gas or coal, for example. Their emissions are regarded as harmful to the environment.
Competition between different modes of transport, for example between rail and air transport.
International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)
Internationally recognized accounting standard. Since 2002, IFRS has been regarded as the leading approach to standards adopted by the International Accounting Standards Board. Previously adopted standards are still cited as International Accounting Standards (IAS).
Interoperability (multi-system capability)
Ability of rolling stock to adapt to different technical standards (for example track gauges or power systems) and therefore run as seamlessly as possible between different rail networks in individual countries.
Competition within a mode of transport, for example within the railway sector.
Financing contributions from third parties in specified capital expenditure projects without future repayment requirements.
Loans from the Federal Government that have to be repaid, but are not interest-bearing. These result from financing contributions from the Federal Republic of Germany for capital expenditures for track expansion and replacement.
K brake shoes
Brake shoe made from composite materials (K), see also V brake shoes.
Gruppe der Tochterunternehmen eines Konzerns, die in den Konzern-Abschluss einbezogen sind.
Transport services using the products ICE and IC/EC.
LL brake shoe
Brake shoe made from composites (LL: low noise, low friction), see also V brake shoe.
Lost time injury frequency (LTIF)
Describes the relationship between accident frequency and hours actually worked based on one million working hours.
Transport services using the products IRE, RB, RE and S-Bahn (metro).
Mode of transport
Transport medium such as road or rail.
Noise Disruptive or harmful noises for persons and the environment.
Reduction of noise by active (for example noise barriers) and passive (for example soundproof windows) noise remediation, as well as noise reduction measures in vehicles.
Noise remediation program
Voluntary program of the Federal Government implemented by DB Group to reduce noise on existing rail lines.
Legal claim to noise-protection measures on new construction and expansion lines.
Net financial debt
Balance of interest-bearing external liabilities and liabilities from finance leases, as well as cash and cash equivalents and interest-bearing external receivables.
Net capital expenditures
Gross capital expenditures less investment grants from third parties, for example for infrastructure capital expenditures.
Nettable plan assets
Assets that are netted against total pension obligations on the balance sheet.
Means of active noise abatement on rail lines, usually made from materials such as aluminum, wood and concrete. New noise barriers are walls made from wire baskets filled with stones (gabions).
Covers at DB Netze Track all rail transport on DB Netz AG infrastructure.
Services that are supplied to customers when they need and request them.
Off-balance-sheet financial instruments: leased or rented assets.
Operating income after interest
Profit figure that includes financing costs to assess profits in the long term (particularly relevant for infrastructure business units). Therefore, in comparison to EBIT, the net operating interest is also taken into account.
Net total of all order values from individual orders and batches from framework agreements that were concluded by the respective product areas.
Tiny portions of matter, right down to then smallest traces, such as dust or soot.
Percentage of staffing needs covered
Represents the number of active staff, including part-time employees, trainees and dual degree students converted in as fulltime employees, divided by the full-time staffing requirements, including trainees and dual degree students.
Passenger kilometers (pkm)
Unit of measurement for volume sold in passenger trans-port: product of the number of passengers transported and the average travel distance.
Maßgröße für die Verkehrsleistung im Personenverkehr: Produkt aus der Anzahl der beförderten Personen und der mittleren Reisereichweite.
System that enables two or more vehicles to travel in close proximity using technical driving assistance and control systems.
Energy calculated from the energy source in its natural form, for example including production, transport and conversion.
Share of stops on time in relation to all stops along and at the end of routes in Germany. A stop is considered on time if the stop has not exceeded the planned arrival time by more than 6 minutes in passenger transport or 16 minutes in freight transport.
Rate of people making connections on long-distance transport/long-distance transport
Percentage of connections in long-distance transport shown in the schedule that are actually made.
New and expansion lines set out in the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan.
Energy from renewable sources that are theoretically unlimited in supply, such as water, wind or sunlight.
Classification of creditworthiness provided by rating agencies which impacts the refinancing options and expenses of a company.
Aid, fund, reserve, raw material.
Return on capital employed (ROCE)
Key performance indicator for value-based management. Equals the return on capital employed for business operations (capital employed). Percentage ratio of (adjusted) EBIT to the capital employed.
Key financial indicator that describes the ratio between the current financing strength and financial obligations of the company (adjusted net financial debt).
The stages of production illustrated as an orderly sequence of activities. These activities add value, consume resources and are interconnected in processes.
Guiding principle for the compatibility of environmental, social and economic objectives for sustainable and generationally compatible development.
Emissions produced during the combustion of diesel fuels. Diesel emissions also include particulate matter.
Scope 1 – 3 (in accordance with GHG)
As part of carbon accounting, emissions are divided into three scopes. For DB Group: scope 1 = greenhouse gas emissions from our own vehicles, scope 2 = traction current supply, scope 3 = transport services of our subcontractors. Due to our business model, scope 3 includes only transport-related emissions in accordance with the Greenhouse Gas Protocol.
Relative, for example based on the volume sold.
Interest groups and representatives.
Buildings and facilities such as plants and train stations.
Station pricing system
Transparent and non-discriminatory pricing system for the use of passenger stations. The level of station prices depends largely on the performance level and level of equipment at the respective station.
Zusammensetzung des Stroms nach Art der Energieerzeugung (zum Beispiel Steinkohle, erneuerbare Energien).
Sustainable development goals (SDGs)
Political targets set by the United Nations with a view to assuring sustainable development at the economic, social and environmental levels. The targets came into force on January 1, 2016 and run until 2030. They apply to all member states.
The basic concept for financial instruments that involve the exchange of future cash flows. This allows financial risks (interest, currencies, raw materials) to be hedged in a targeted manner.
Measure of the reliability of energy supply for rail operations in Germany.
Traction current mix
Composition of the traction current of all train operating companies in Germany supplied by DB Netze Energy (in addition to other suppliers) through the traction current grid.
Calculates emissions caused by burning fuel excluding the raw material extraction and production process.
Ton kilometers (tkm)
Unit of measurement for the volume sold in freight transport: product of the amount of freight carried (tons) and the distance (kilometers).
Drive to move trains. Depending on the energy source, drive unit and power transmission, a distinction is made between electric, diesel-electric, diesel-hydraulic and other types of traction. Traction units that also have diesel-assisted traction in addition to electric traction are also referred to as
The share of track capacity that is required for a train to travel between two locations in a set time.
Train-path kilometers (train-path km)
See volume produced.
Train-path pricing system (TPS)
Includes the prices for train path utilization by customers (in particular those of train operating companies) depending on the particular market segment and the train-path kilometers traveled.
Agreement between the contracting organization and train operating company to provide regional passenger transport services.
Train kilometers (train km)
Equal to the journey of a train over a distance of 1 km.
United Nations Global Compact
The world’s largest and most important initiative for responsible corporate management. On the basis of its ten universal principles, it pursues the vision of an inclusive and sustainable global economy to the benefit of all people, communities and markets, today and in the future.
Distance traveled by train operating companies on the rail network. Unit of measurement: train-path kilometers (train-path km).
V brake shoes
Brake shoe made from composites (Verbundstoffen; V) which halves the rolling noise of freight cars. Collective term for K and LL brake shoes.
Checking and cutting/removing vegetation in and on the tracks using mechanical and chemical (only in the immediate vicinity of the tracks) procedures.
Key indicator to measure the service provided in passenger and freight transport. Units of measurement: passenger kilometers (pkm), ton kilometers (tkm).
See K and LL brake shoe.
Method of calculating fuel emissions including the entire supply process.