With more than 33,000 km of track, DB Netze Track operates the largest rail network in Europe. Trains run more than one billion train-path km on the rail network each year. The most important sources of income are revenues from train-path product (over 90% of total revenues). Train-path prices are established on a transparent basis by a train-path pricing system (TPS) regulated by the BNetzA.
DB Netze Track is also responsible for high infrastructure quality and availability, and non-discriminatory access to train-paths and service facilities. This includes preparing schedules in close cooperation with customers, operations management, construction management and maintenance.
The cost structure has a high proportion of fixed costs. The rail network in particular is one of the biggest cost drivers. The use of resources for the operation and maintenance of infrastructure facilities is very much influenced by specific facility characteristics, requirements relating to operational opening hours and the degree of rationalization in operating business activities. As the dimensions of the infrastructure only change in the long term due to new construction or expansion projects or targeted dismantling, the optimal capacity utilization of the infrastructure is of major importance for economic success. Capacity utilization is measured by train kilometers on track infrastructure. In terms of relative network capacity utilization, this figure can be compared to track kilometers (length of line operated).
A high level of quality and availability also calls for a forward-looking integrated capital expenditure and maintenance strategy. To reach our transport growth target of an increase of more than 30% in train-path kilometers, it is essential that new construction and expansion projects concentrate on removing bottlenecks and on the creation of additional capacity for volume growth in the main corridors and metropolitan areas.
A forecast of demand for 2040 is made as part of the Network Concept 2040 (Netzkonzeption 2040) project. The demand forecast shows that growth will be concentrated in the main corridors and metropolitan areas. Following the publication of the final report on Germany in sync and the necessary infrastructure measures, the Germany in sync (Deutschland-Takt) target schedule can also be taken into account when assessing expansion requirements. On this basis, the Network Concept devises a bottleneck-free target network for 2040. An implementation concept will then be developed to optimize the timing of the infrastructure expansion required to achieve the target network, factoring in coordination with the sector on the timing of the phases of Germany in sync. The contributions made by the Federal Government to the infrastructure financing are of material importance to secure the competitiveness of rail as a mode of transport. The budgetary resources of public authorities, in particular the Federal Government, are of considerable relevance for the financing of replacement capital expenditures, as well as for the financing of new construction and expansion projects. In order to implement Germany in sync, there is a need for extensive infrastructure expansion that goes significantly beyond the current Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan. In addition, in order to implement the target schedule for Germany in sync, it is also assumed that a large number of local transport projects will be implemented by the Federal states. We therefore assume that there will be a significant increase in funds for infrastructure expansion from the German Federal Government, the Federal states and DB Group as necessary.